how to calculate double declining balance

Tim is a Certified QuickBooks Time Pro, QuickBooks ProAdvisor for both the Online and Desktop products, as well as a CPA with 25 years of experience. He most recently spent two years as the accountant at a commercial roofing company utilizing QuickBooks Desktop to compile financials, job cost, and run payroll. By accelerating the depreciation and incurring a larger expense in earlier years and a smaller expense in later years, net income is deferred to later years, and taxes are pushed out. Use this calculator to calculate the accelerated depreciation by Double Declining Balance Method or 200% depreciation. For other factors besides double use the Declining Balance Method Depreciation Calculator. The amount earned after selling the asset will be shown as the cash inflow in the cash flow statement, and the same will be entered in the cash and cash equivalents line of the balance sheet.

  • If you’re brand new to the concept, open another tab and check out our complete guide to depreciation.
  • For mid quarter convention will have 1.5, 4.5, 7.5 or 10.5 for months in first year for service starting within the 4th, 3rd, 2nd or 1st quarter respectively.
  • This isn’t necessarily a problem, but it can make it more complicated to do things like accurately predict your company’s future profits and expenses.
  • The Symmetrical Declining Balance Method is a depreciation formula, which is used to estimate present value of future cash flows.
  • This portion of the site is for informational purposes only.
  • The Double Declining Balance Method is used to estimate present value of future cash flows.

Businesses use accelerated methods when having assets that are more productive in their early years such as vehicles or other assets that lose their value quickly. On April 1, 2011, Company A purchased an equipment at the cost of $140,000.

Analyzing an Income Statement

This is most frequently the case for things like cars and other vehicles but may also apply to business assets like computers, mobile devices and other electronics. The DDB depreciation method is easy to implement and track in most accounting software. Let’s examine the steps that need to be taken to calculate this form of accelerated depreciation. Cash And Cash EquivalentsCash and Cash Equivalents are assets that are short-term and highly liquid investments that can be readily converted into cash and have a low risk of price fluctuation.

In Double Declining Balance, as long as you have an estimate of future cash flows for each year, you can plug it in without changing double declining balance method formula the calculation at all. Now the double declining balance depreciation rate is calculated by doubling the straight-line rate.


The Symmetrical Declining Balance Method is a depreciation formula for long term assets, which is used to estimate present value of future cash flows. For accounting, in particular, depreciation concerns allocating the cost of an asset over a period of time, usually its useful life. When a company purchases an asset, such as a piece of equipment, such large purchases can skewer the income statement confusingly.

how to calculate double declining balance

Some companies use accelerated depreciation methods to defer their tax obligations into future years. Double declining balance depreciation is one of these methods. It was first enacted and authorized under the Internal Revenue Code in 1954, and it was a major change from existing policy. Declining balance is a method of computing depreciation rate for the value of an asset. The declining balance method is also known as reducing balance method or diminishing balance method.

What do you mean by reducing balance method?

When double declining balance method does not fully depreciate an asset by the end of its life, variable declining balance method might be used instead. Calculate Depreciation RateThe depreciation rate is the percent rate at which an asset depreciates during its estimated useful life. It can also be defined as the percentage of a company’s long-term investment in an asset that the firm claims as a tax-deductible expense throughout the asset’s useful life. Under the declining balance method, yearly depreciation is calculated by applying a fixed percentage rate to an asset’s remaining book value at the beginning of each year.

Stop Calculating depreciation in the year after the depreciable cost falls below the salvage value of the vehicle. Which translates to depreciation of $400 per year for the company’s van. For mid month convention, for example, an asset placed in service in October will have 2.5 months in the first year to cover 1/2 of October and all of November and December. For full month convention, for example, an asset placed in service in October will have 3 months in the first year to cover all of October, November and December. Master excel formulas, graphs, shortcuts with 3+hrs of Video. When the asset is utilized at a more rapid rate in the initial years of its useful life.

Under IRS rules, vehicles are depreciated over a 5 year recovery period. In the second year, depreciation is calculated in a regular way by multiplying the remaining book value of $36,000 ($40,000 — $4,000) by 40%. For example, if the equipment in the above case is purchased on 1 October rather than 2 January, depreciation for the period between 1 October and 31 December is ($16,000 x 3/12).

how to calculate double declining balance

Since it always charges a percentage on the base value, there will always be leftovers. In the first year of service, you’ll write $12,000 off the value of your ice cream truck. It will appear as a depreciation expense on your yearly income statement.

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